Introduction Species list

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Bohart, R. M., and A. S. Menke. 1963. A reclassifcation of the Sphecinae, with a revision of the Nearctic species of the tribes Sceliphronini and Sphecini (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae). Univ. Calif. Pub. Enlomol. 30:91-182.

Bohart, R. M., and A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid wasps of the world A generic revision. Univ. Calif Press, Berkeley.696 pp.

Brockmann, H. J. 1979. Nest site selection in the great golden digger wasp, Sphex ichneumoneus L. (Sphecidae). Ecol. Entomol. 4:211-224.

Brockmann, H. J. 1980. The control of nest depth in a digger wasp (Sphex ichneumoneus L.) Anim. Behav. 28:426-445.

Brockman, H. J., A. Grafen, and R. Dawkins. 1979. Evolutionarily stable nesting strategy in a digger wasp. J. Theor. Biol. 77:473-496.

Cantrall, I. J. 1968. An annotated list of the Dermaptera, Dictyoptera, Phasmatoptera, and Orthoptera of Michigan. Mich. Entomol. 1:299-346.

Coville, R. E. 1976. Predatory behavior of the spider wasp, Chalybion californicum (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Pan-Pacifc Entomol. 52:229-233.

Cowan, D. 1991. New Michigan state record for a sphecine wasp, Podium rufipes (Hymenoptrera: Sphecidae). Great Lakes Entomol. 24(3):183-184.

Dorr, J. A., and D. F. Eschman. 1970. Geology of Michigan. Univ. of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor. 476 pp.

Dreisbach, R. R. 1944. The thread-waisted wasps (Hymenoptera - Sphecinae) of Michigan, with keys and distribution. Pap. Mich. Acad. Sci., Arts and Letters 29:265-275.

Evans, H. E. 1959. Observations on the nestirig behavior of digger wasps of the genus Ammophila. Amer. Midl. Nat. 62:449-473.

Evans, H. E. 1965. Simultaneous care of more than one nest by Ammophila azteca Cameron (Hy menoptera; Sphecidae). Psyche 72:8-23.

Evans, H. E., and M. J. W. Eberhard. 1970. The wasps. Univ. Michigan Press, Ann Arbor. 265 pp.

Fabre J. H. 1915. The hunting wasps. Dodd, Mead, and Co., New York. 427 pp.

Finnamore, A.T. 1982. The Sphecoidea of southern Quebec (Hymenoptera). Lyman Entomol. Mus. and Res. Lab. Mem. 11. 348 pp.

Frisch, J. A. 1938. The life history and habits of the digger wasp Ammobia pensylvanica (L.). Amer. Midl. Nat. 19:673-677.

Hager, B. J., and F. E. Kurczewski. 1985a. Reproductive behavior of male Ammophila harti (Fernald) (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 87:597-605.

Hager, B. J., and F. E. Kurczewski. 1985b. Cleptoparasitism of Ammophila harti (Fernald) (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae) by Senotainia vigilans Allen, with observations on Phrosinella aurifacies Downes (Diptera: Sarco-phagidae) . Psyche 92:451-462.

Hager, B. J., and F. E. Kurczewski. 1986. Nesting behavior of Ammophila harti (Fernald) (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Amer. Midl . Nat. 116:7-24.

Hicks. C. H. 1933. Note on the relationship of an ichneumonid parasite to certain digger wasps. Pan-Pacifc Entomol. 9:49-52.

Horner, N. V., and J. H. Klein, Jr. 1979. Spider prey of two mud dauber wasp species in Comanche County, Oklahoma (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Environ. Entomol. 8:30-31.

Hubbard, H. G. 1896. Some insects which brave the dangers of the pitcher plant. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 3:314-316.

Krombein, K. V. 1953. Biological and taxonomical observations on the wasps in a coastal area of North Carolina (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). Wasmann Jour. Biol. 10:257-341.

Krombein, K. V. 1958. Biological notes on the wasps of Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina and additions to the faunal list (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 60:97-110.

Krombein, K. V. 1967. Trap-nesting wasps and bees. Life histones, nests, and associates. Smithsonian Inst. Press, Washington, D.C. 570 pp.

Krombein, K. V. 1979. Sphecidae, pp. 1575-1594. In Krombein, K. V., P. D. Hurd, Jr., D. R. Smith, and B. D. Burks, eds. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Vol. 2 (Aculeata). Smithsonian Inst. Press, Washington, D.C.

Lin, C. S . 1966. Bionomics of Isodontia mexicana, with a review of generic ethology (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae, Sphecinae). Wasmann Jour. Biol. 24:239-247.

Medler, J. T. 1965. Biology of Isodontia (Murrayella) mexicana in trap-nests in Wisconsin (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 58:137-142.

Menke, A. S. 1964. A new subgenus of Ammophila from the Neotropical region (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Can. Entomol. 96:874-883.

Menke, A. S. 1965. A revision of the North American Ammophila (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae). Ph.D. thesis, Univ. California, Davis. 247 pp.

Menke, A.S. 1996. The Ammophilini of Costa Rica; An identification guide (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Sphecinae). J. Hymenoptera Res. 5:190-202.

Muma, M. H., and W. F. Jeffers. 1945. Studies of the spider prey of several mud-dauber wasps. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 38:245-255.

Murray, W. D. 1940. Podalonia (Hymenoptera; Sphecidae) of North and Central America. Entomologia Americana 20: 1-77.

O'Brien, M.F. 1987. Biology and distribution of Tachysphex aethiops in Michigan (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Larrinae). Great Lakes Entomol. 20:71-74.

O'Brien, M.F. 1988. Records of Ampulicidae in Michigan (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Great Lakes Entomol. 21(2):81-82.

O'Brien, M.F. 1989. Distribution and biology of the sphecine wasps of Michigan (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Sphecinae). Great Lakes Entomol. 22(4):199-217.

O'Brien, M. F., and F. E. Kurczewski. 1982. Ethology and overwintering of Podalonia luctuosa (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Great Lakes Entomol. 15:261-275.

O'Brien, M. F., and A. M. O'Brien. 1988. Biology of Ammophila evansi and A. mediata in northern Michigan (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Pan-Pacifc Entomol. 64:73-79.

Pate, V. S. L. 1949. A minute on Podium luctuosum. Entomol. News 60: 174.

Peckham, D. J., and F. E. Kurczewski. 1978. Nesting behavior of Chlorion aerarium. Ann.Entomol. Soc. Amer. 71:758-761.

Peckham, G. W., and E. G. Peckham. 1898. On the instincts and habits of solitary wasps. Wisconsin Geol. and Nat. Hist. Surv., Sci. Ser. 1, Bull. 2:1-245.

Powell, J. A. 1964. Additions to the knowledge of the nesting behavior of North American Ammophila (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Jour. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 37:240-258.

Rau, P. 1928. The nesting habits of the wasp, Chalybion caeruleum. Ann Entomol. Soc. Amer. 21:25-34.

Rau, P. 1935a. The wasp, Chalybion cyaneum Fab., preys upon the black widow spider, Latrodectus mactans Fab. (Hym., Araneae). Entomol. News 46:259-260.

Rau, P. 1935b. The spider prey of the mud-wasp, Sceliphron caementarium (Araneae, Hym.: Sphegidae). Entomol. News 46:267-270.

Rau, P. 1935c. The grass-carrying wasp, Chlorion (Isodontia) harrisi Fernald. Bull. Brooklyn Entomol. Soc. 30:65-68.

Rau, P., and N. Rau. 1918. Wasp studies afeld. Princeton Univ. Press, New Jersey. 372 pp.

Reinhard, E. G. 1929. The witchery of wasps. Century Co., New York. 291 pp.

Steiner, A. L. 1973. Solitary wasps from subarctic North Amenca - II. Sphecidae from the Yukon and Northwest Territories, Canada: Distribution and ecology. Quaest. Entomol. 9:13-34.

Steiner, A. L. 1983. Predatory behavior of digger wasps (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae) Vl. Cutworm hunting and stinging by the Ammophiline wasp Podalonia luctuosa (Smith). Melanderia 41:1-16.

Shafer, G. D. 1949. The ways of a mud-dauber. Stanford Univ. Press, California. 78 pp.

Walsh, B. D. and C. V. Riley. 1869. Wasps and their habits. Amer. Entomol. 1:122-143.

Ward, G. L. 1972. Aggregations of Chalybion californicum (Saussure) (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae) near Centerville, Wayne County, Indiana. Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 81:177-181.

Link to Pulawski's Sphecidae Bibliography at the Calif. Acad. of Sciences